暴力行为的脑机制课程详细信息

课程号 01630694 学分 2
英文名称 Neural mechanisms of aggression
先修课程 生理心理学;普通心理学、神经解剖
中文简介 人类的各种暴力行为受到普遍的关注。认识暴力行为的脑机制是更有效处理、应对和防止这种伤害性行为的重要前提之一。 本课程集中讨论人和个体的早期不良经历对成年后的暴力行为频发性的影响作用的脑机制。 以下三个问题将重点讨论:1)在实验动物中,早期社会隔离影响暴力行为的脑机制、2)对隔离动物进行重新社会化的作用及其脑机制、、3)经历了早期隔离或其它创伤的成年人的暴力行为倾向及其脑机制。对选修本课程同学的评估分三个部分:(1)对所分配文章的讲解和问题回答;(2)在课堂上问题讨论活动中的参与;(3)根据自己的兴趣所选写的期末论文。
英文简介 The more and more frequent terrorist and violent attacks such as suicide bombings and mass shootings have occurred in European, African, North American and Mideast countries. Understanding the brain substrates underlying aggressive/extreme behaviors are critical for searching for effective solutions of the serious problem faced by human beings. In both humans and laboratory rats, early-life isolation rearing, neglect and/or insults unfailingly induce aggressive/extreme behaviors in adulthood. In this course, we will discuss the neural mechanisms underlying early-life isolation- or left-behind-induced aggressive behaviors in both laboratory animals and humans. Emphases are on the functional connectivity between the auditory system (for processing social calling signals), amygdala (for aggression expression), and frontal cortex (for aggression controls).
There are three major issues delivered by this course: (1) The effects of neonatal isolation in laboratory animals on aggressive behaviors. (2) The effects of resocialization in laboratory animals on isolation rearing-induced abnormal aggression, social deficits, attention modulation impairments, and brain responses to the pro-social or anti-social vocalizations. (3) The brain substrates underlying aggressive behaviors in humans who have experienced early isolation rearing under adverse developmental conditions.
The evaluation of this course is based on (1) the literature reading and Q & A, (2) activity in class discussion, and (3) the final essay.
开课院系 心理与认知科学学院
通选课领域  
是否属于艺术与美育
平台课性质  
平台课类型  
授课语言 中文
教材 Frühholz, S., Klaas, H. S., Patel, S., & Grandjean, D,Talking in Fury: the cortico-subcortical network underlying angry vocalizations.,Cerebral Cortex,2008,Ethotransmission:communication of emotional states through ultrasonic vocalization in rats.,Brudzynski, S.M.,Current Opinion in Neurobiology,2013,Encoding of ultrasonic vocalizations in the auditory cortex.,Carruthers, I. M., Natan, R. G., & Geffen, M. N,Journal of Neurophysiology,2013,The neurobiology of aggression and violence,Daniel R. Rosell and Larry J. Siever,CNS SPECTRUMS,2015; ;
Neuropsychological and neurological correlates in violent and homicidal offenders: A legal and neuroscience perspective.,Fabian, J. M,Aggression and Violent Behavior,2013,A novel coding mechanism for social vocalizations in the lateral amygdala.,Gadziola, M. A., Grimsley, J. M. S., Shanbhag, S. J., & Wenstrup, J. J.,Journal of Neurophysiology,2012,Behavioural and neurochemical effects of post-weaning social isolation in rodents-relevance to developmental neuropsychiatric disorders,Fone KC, Porkess MV,Neurosci Biobehav Rev,2008,
参考书
教学大纲 本课程将系统地讨论人类和实验动物的早期不良事件(如社会隔离)对成年后暴力行为及其倾向的影响作用的神经机制。
本课程每周上两次课,一次4学时,一共有以下的5项内容:
1) 暴力行为脑机制研究的概况 (2学时)
2) 早期不良或伤害性事件 (2学时)
3) 人类早期不良事件对暴力行为倾向影响的脑机制(12学时)
4) 实验动物早期不良事件对暴力行为影响的脑机制(14学时)
5) 可能的应对措施(社会环境影响作用的脑机制)(4学时)
本课程将采用文献阅读、课堂讲解和讨论、以及撰写论文等教学方式。
对选修本课程同学的评估分三个部分:
(1)对所分配文章的讲解和问题回答;
(2)在课堂上问题讨论活动中的参与;
(3)根据自己的兴趣所选写的期末论文。
教学评估 李量:
学年度学期:16-17-3,课程班:暴力行为的脑机制1,课程推荐得分:3.75,教师推荐得分:3.75,课程得分分数段:80及以下;
学年度学期:17-18-3,课程班:暴力行为的脑机制1,课程推荐得分:null,教师推荐得分:null,课程得分分数段:80及以下;