||China and International Organizations
No special requirements.
UN （the United Nations）, WTO (the World Trade Organization), WB (the World Bank), EU (the European Union)and other international organizations (IOs) have profound influence on the governance of contemporary world politics and economy. China, as the largest developing country and the second largest economy of the world are playing an increasingly active role in major international organizations. No one could well understand world politics and economy without understanding in role of IOs and China and their interactions in the first place.
This course, which is intended for undergraduate students from all social science disciplines, provides an overview of the performance of major international organizations in the 20th century and the increasingly active role of China in major international organizations like UN, WTO, IMF and WB in past decades. In this course, you will learn briefly the origin and development of major international organizations like UN, WTO, IMF, WB, ASEAN, EU, ICC and AIIB, and understand generally how these international organizations are shaping the contemporary world landscape. You will also learn how China, as the largest developing country and the second largest economy of the world, exerts its influence on world politics by interacting with these international organizations.
This course will help students to gain a general understanding of the interactions between China and major international organizations, and how this developmental reality shapes contemporary world politics. After successfully completing this, students are expected to understand:
1)The origin and development of major international organizations,
2)The mission and performance of major international organizations in contemporary world,
3)The role of China in these international organizations and its contribution to world peace and prosperity,
4) The opportunities and challenges for China in the existing system of international organizations.
Students will make a PRESENTATION to the class and participate in class discussion, which will constitute 40% of the final grade. The final examination will be a paper of no less than 2000 words in ENGLISH and will constitute 60% of the final grade.
||This course will help students to construct a systematic theoretical framework of the origin, mission, structure, performance and function of major international organizations (IOs), and the role of China in these IOs.
After successfully completing this course, students are expected to grasp:
(1) the dynamics of the origin and development of IOs by studying cases of major IOs;
(2) the correlation between the mission, structure and performance of IO;
(3) the role, contribution and limitation of IOs in global governance;
(4) the evolution of China’s role in IOs in the past decades.
Week 1: Introduction
This meeting will give a brief introduction to the content of the course. Students are expected to gain a general understanding of the nature and history of IOs in the modern world by answering a series of questions.
(1) How many IOs do you know?
(2) Why do you define them as IOs? (positive characteristics)
(3) Why do you take some of them as non-IOs? (negative characteristics)
(4) Who established international organizations and why? (motivation)
(5) What are the preconditions for the emergence of IOs? (social conditions)
(6) Why did not the emperors in the ancient China consider establishing IOs?
Week 2: The History of UN
In this meeting, we will analyze the origin and development of the United Nations by comparing the League of Nations with the UN to draw experience and learn lessons.
(1) What factors lead to the “failure” of the League of Nations?
(2) What factors lead to the successful establishment of the UN?
(3) What are the differences in the historical context in 1945 and that in 2019 which probably affect the performance of the UN?
(4) How would you evaluate the role of China in the creation and development of the UN?
Week 3: The Structure of UN
In this meeting, we will analyze the constitutional structure of the UN. Special attention will be paid to the function of the six major organs.
(1) How do you evaluate the rationality of the institutional structure of the GA?
(2) How do you evaluate the performance of the Court?
(3) What implications or lessons can we draw from the stories of different secretary-generals?
Week 4: UN Security Council
In this meeting, we will discuss the mission and decision-making procedures of UN Security Council in the maintenance of world peace. We will also explore the different attitudes of P5 and other countries toward the reform of UN Security Council.
(1) How do you evaluate the performance of UNSC in the past decades?
(2) How do you evaluate the rationality of the institutional structure of UNSC?
(3) What are the differences between the decision-making procedures in GA and SC?
(4) Do you think it is necessary to reform UNSC? Why?
Week 5: UN Peacekeeping
In this meeting, we will review the origin and development of UN peacekeeping, its contribution and challenges.
(1) What is the unique role of UN peacekeeping compared with other instruments to peace and security?
(2) Do you think it is still necessary to stick to the three principles of UN peacekeeping?
(3) What challenges does UN Peacekeeping face and how to deal with them?
(4) What is the unique role of China in UN peacekeeping?
Week 6: IMF
In this meeting, we will examine the origin and development of the International Monetary Fund (IMF), how does IMF contribute to a stable international financial system, and what challenges it faces.
(1) When and why did the US and other countries establish IMF?
(2) Why does the proposed AMF fail?
(3) What implications and lessons can we draw from the history of IMF?
Week 7: World Bank
In this meeting, we will examine the origin and development of World Bank (WB), and the role of WB in global economic governance. We will also analyze China’s increasingly important role in the WB and the challenges it faces.
(1) When and why did the US and other countries establish WB?
(2) Is the reform of WB necessary and feasible?
(3) What are the differences in institutional structures of IMF and WB?
(4) How do you evaluate the rationality of these differences?
Week 8: WTO
In this meeting, we will examine the history of WTO, the story of China’s entry into WTO, and challenges for both China and WTO brought by TPP and FTAs.
(1) Under what conditions did GATT come into being?
(2) Why and how was GATT replaced by WTO?
(3) What are the differences in the institutional structure and decision-making procedures of IMF, WB and WTO?
(4) How would you prioritize the importance of IMF, WB and WTO to China 1945, China 1980 and China 2019?
Week 9: Midterm Exam
Week 10: BRICS
In this meeting, we will explore the origin and development of BRICS and the New Development Bank, the relations of BRICS to World Bank and IMF, and the role of China.
(1) Is BRICS an international organization?
(2) Was the BRICS created for political interests or economic considerations? Why?
(3) What are the merits and limitations of BRICS for the world and for the five countries?
Week 11: AIIB
In this meeting, we will explore the origin and development of the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB), the relations of AIIB to World Bank and Asian Development Bank, and the role of China in the establishment of AIIB.
(1) What factors contributed to the successful establishment of AIIB?
(2) What are the similarities and differences between AIIB and WB? Should they be taken as merits or hidden troubles?
(3) Why is the destiny of AIIB different from that of the proposed AMF?
(4) How would you evaluate the prospect of AIIB?
Week 12: Vacation, class suspended
Week 13: INGO
In this meeting, we will discuss the origin and development of international non-governmental organizations (INGOs) and their roles in global governance.
(1) What are the similarities and differences between IGOs and INGOs?
(2) How do you evaluate the correlation between IGOs and INGOs?
(3) How do you evaluate the performance of China regarding IGOs and INGOs?
Week 14: International Public Policy: Theory
In this meeting, we will discuss the nature of international public policies, and compare them with domestic public policies.
(1) How many actors are there in international public problem-solving occasions?
(2) What roles do they play throughout the whole process?
Week 15: International Public Policy: Case Study
In this meeting, we will study 2-3cases on international public policies, which are respectively global collaboration against ozone depletion, climate change, and cross-border corruption. We will also discuss China’s role in the three collaborations.
(1) Why was ozone depletion cure the most successful one?
(2) Why was anti-corruption treaties easier to be implemented but harder to be enforced than the climate-change one?
Week 16: Final Exam
Presentation, Lecture and Topical Discussion.
(1) PRESENTATION expects students to outline the origin and development, goal, institutional structure (institutions and decision-making procedure) and work of major IOs, and respond to questions raised by classmates. Please list relevant references at the end of your ppt.
(2) LECTURE is general theory oriented but not practical skills oriented. Students are expected to grasp general characteristics and behavior patterns of IOs by attending classes, answering questions, critically and creatively asking questions.
(3) TOPICAL DISCUSSION lasts 40 minutes. Students in charge should prepare questions for discussion and take full responsibility for the atmosphere, interactions and output of this session. Each student should take discussion seriously and get involved.
(1) make a presentation to the class (15’-20’), moderate the topical discussion in that session (40’); and participate in class discussion,
(2) midterm exam: 3 discussion questions (open-book, soft copy);
(3) final exam: choice questions, fill-in-blank questions, and short-answer questions (close-book, hard copy, 4th June 2020).
The Final Grade: Class participation: 30%; Midterm exam: 20%; Final exam: 50%